Top 10 Hottest Peppers in the World 2020

#1 Carolina Reaper
1.4 million to 2.2 million Scoville heat units

Declared the world’s hottest pepper by Guinness Word Records in 2013.
Carolina Reaper is officially the hottest pepper in the world, according to Guinness World Records. The Carolina Reaper was initially developed as a cross between the Red Habanero and Pakistani Naga. Developed in Rock Hill, South Carolina. Carolina Reaper can grow to a height over 4 feet tall.
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Carolina Reaper

#2 Trinidad Moruga Scorpion 
1.2 million to 2 million Scoville heat units

Declared the world’s hottest pepper in 2012 (currently #2).
Trinidad Scorpion is native to the District of Moruga in Trinidad and Tobago. It is 230 times hotter than a Jalapeno. The Scorpion pepper was developed by Wahid Ogeer, a self-taught farmer, and has been studied by the University of the West Indies since the 1990s.
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#3 7 Pot Douglah (Chocolate 7 Pot)
923,000 AND 1.85 million Scoville heat uni

Originates from Trinidad. About 109 to 742 times hotter than a Jalapeno. Characterized by a dark brown/deep purple skin with many “pimples” over the surface. The pepper starts out green and matures to the dark color unique to the Douglah.

#4 7-Pot Primo
1,473,480 Scoville heat units

Created by Troy Primeaux, (nickname Primo), a horticulturist from Louisiana. 300 times hotter than a Jalapeno pepper. Cross-strain of the Naga Morich seed (Bangladesh) and the Trinidad 7 Pot seed (Trinidad).

7 Pot primo

#5 Trinidad Scorpion "Butch T"
1,000,000 - 1,463,700 Scoville heat units

Originated from Annalise, Mississippi. Indigenous to Trinidad and Tobago. Held the crown for three years, ranked the hottest pepper in the world according to Guinness World Records. Approximately 1 to 2 inches long, bulbous, bumpy, stinger-like tail.

#6 Naga Viper
855,000 - 1,359,000 Scoville heat units

In 2011, it was recorded as the "World's Hottest Chili" by the Guinness World Records (currently #5). Created in England by chili farmer Gerald Fowler of The Chili Pepper Company in Cark, Cumbria. 270 times hotter than a Jalapeno pepper. "Naga" means "Cobra Snake" in Sanskrit. The flavor is described as fruity, spicy, and hot.

#7 Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia)
1,041,427 Scoville heat units

Originates from Assam, India (Northeastern Indian states). It is the first hot pepper to break the 1 million Scoville mark. The Ghost Pepper held the World’s Hottest Pepper title for 4 years from 2007-2011.
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#8 7 Pot Barrackpore
1.0 million - 1.3 million Scoville heat units

Originates from Barrackpore, Trinidad. A strain of the 7 Pot Trinidad pepper and one of the hottest of the 7 Pot peppers. Comes in different colors like white, yellow, brown and red. 125 times hotter than a Jalapeno pepper.

#9 Trinidad 7-pot Jonah
800,000 - 1,000,000 Scoville heat units

Originates from Chaguanas region of Trinidad. Typically has a sweet, nutty flavor. Rumor is, the name 7-pot comes from one pepper is rumored to be able to add heat to 7 pots of stew.

#10 Red Savina Habanero
350,000 - 577,000 Scoville heat units

Developed in California, USA. Was the World’s Hottest pepper for 12 years from 1994 to 2006. Was displaced as the hottest pepper by the Ghost Pepper in 2007. Red Savina is twice as hot as the regular Habanero and 65 times hotter than a Jalapeno pepper. One gram is enough to heat up over 1,200 pounds of sauce.


SHU = Scoville Heat Unit (A measure of Spiciness)
SHU is a way of quantifying how spicy a pepper is by measuring the concentration of capsaicinoids. Capsaicin is the chemical responsible for the spicy sensation within a pepper.


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